Proxy pac hosts file
Technical Library Support. PAC files are used to support explicit proxy deployments in which client browsers are explicitly configured to send traffic to the web proxy.
The big advantage of PAC files is that they are usually relatively easy to create and maintain. The use of a PAC file is highly recommended with explicit proxy deployments of Websense Web Security Gateway for the Content Gateway -- web proxy -- component and is required to support the hybrid web filtering feature of Web Security Gateway Anywhere.
This website: www. The complexity of the function varies with the requirements of each organization. Easy to administer and maintain in any size network; however, as this paper explains, PAC files are easiest to administer when the browser is Internet Explorer. Able to support mobile devices that use standard browsers.
Be stored on any server in your network. Small networks may store the file on the proxy itself, but large, enterprise-class networks should use a separate server for storing the PAC file. Determine where Internet and intranet requests are routed. Allow for exceptions in the form of bypassing the proxy for specified destinations. Why use a PAC file? The PAC file provides critical security, ensuring that traffic is always proxied when it should be, while allowing secure requests to go direct to the destination.
Typically, intranet traffic goes direct to the destination. Exceptions can be made for internal or external sites that, for whatever reason, must go to or bypass the proxy. The PAC file should be appropriately permission-protected so that end-users cannot change it. The PAC file provides a flexible, easy to maintain, script-driven method of controlling the routing of web requests. The PAC file can include code that handles proxy load distribution and failover.
It is important from an organizational security perspective that end users be prohibited from installing unapproved applications on their computers. Without such restrictions, users could install alternate browsers in an attempt to circumvent PAC controls.
Within the organizational perimeter, by application of appropriate firewall rules, users should be forced to browse through the designated proxy server s only.
Copyright Forcepoint LLC. All rights reserved. Flexible and extensible. Supported by all popular browsers. Perform load distribution. Handle proxy failover.The basic for all good PAC files start with a clear and concise coding methodology. This page includes a PAC file example which has been proven to be flexible, easy to update, while still providing accurate results.
When deploying URL and host rules care must be taken to ensure rules are as explicit as possible.
The examples below detail how host and URL rules should be implemented. The following code is an example which may have unintended consequences due to the broad interpretation of using the shExpMatch function, wildcards, and hostnames.
Skip to content The basic for all good PAC files start with a clear and concise coding methodology. Features Proxy bypass rules for private IP networks, internal hostnames, and hosts with. While the other rules in this example may be optional, most deployments should begin with this code block lines Example hostname bypass rule.
Example protocol and URL bypass rule.
Auto-configuring Proxy Settings with a PAC File
Example machine based IP routing rule. Warnings The following code is an example which may have unintended consequences due to the broad interpretation of using the shExpMatch function, wildcards, and hostnames.Mike West works and plays on the internet.
Currently working as a software engineer on Google's Chrome team in Munich, he tries to make the web platform marginally less insecure than it generally is. Drop him an email at mike mikewest. At work, resources meant only for super-secret internal use are locked away behind a homegrown authentication system. This is great for security, but not so wonderful for performance.
I need a way to load up the super-secret AND the not-so-secret sites in Firefox, passing the former through the proxy, and hitting the latter directly. This function is called just before the browser requests a page, and, as you might expect, tells the browser whether it should hit a proxy or grab the page directly. In the simplest case, you need to use a basic proxy server for every request your browser makes. Assuming you connect through port of my. Easy, right?
You need to use the proxy server for some sites, and directly connect to others. We use the localHostOrDomainIs function to compare the requested host to a string. This is a strange scenario indeed, but is relatively straightforward to implement:.
The shExpMatch function we added to this example allows you a lot of flexibility by matching the host or url against a string with wildcards. Netscape has good documentation of the various functions available for use in your auto-config file in their documentation for proxy auto-config scripts. Automatic proxy HTTP server configuration in web browsers contains, surprisingly enough, more detailed information about the inner workings of the proxy system in the browser engine.Technical Library Support.
Thoroughly review and understand the PAC file before making changes. If you choose to edit the file separately, be sure to use a text editor that does not add or change formatting e. Comment the code consistent with programming best practices. Successors should have no questions about the intent of the code. Keep the file as small and efficient as possible.How To Edit Hosts File in Windows 10
Example PAC File
Super User is a question and answer site for computer enthusiasts and power users. It only takes a minute to sign up. When I open up a command prompt and type " ping myapp.
I have my LAN connection set up to use a proxy. I have a proxy autoconfig in my network. I set a hosts file entry on my XP box like yours, and I was still able to connect to myapp. I'm guessing your proxy autoconfig does something that tries to resolve the hostname mine does not ; and that resolving doesn't use the hosts file thus it fails. If you can modify the proxy. Hopefully this will prevent the autoconfig script from trying to resolve your. If so, check the other box that says "Bypass proxy server for local addresses" and then click the Advanced button and add myapp.
It should be checking your hosts file before anything else, it is possible that a old entry is cached. Test it now, if it still does not work because of a proxy file, again, I have little experience heretry adding it to the exceptions in the proxy list. As your are pinging the correct IP, I think it is just a cache issue as I have sometimes had the same thing after just adding a entry.
A restart for me usually does the trick. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. How do I get IE to use my hosts file when using a proxy.
Proxy Auto-Configuration (PAC) file
Ask Question. Asked 10 years, 7 months ago. Active 8 years, 7 months ago. Viewed 36k times. How do I get IE to check my hosts file first? James A. Rosen James A. Rosen 1, 7 7 gold badges 20 20 silver badges 26 26 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. What does your network's proxy.
Do you have access to modify it? Heath Heath 3 3 silver badges 4 4 bronze badges. I can't modify the hosted version, but I can download it, edit it, and use the local one!What is a Proxy Pac file, and are there any examples?
Environment: Cisco Web Security Appliance. Note: This Knowledge Base article references software which is not maintained or supported by Cisco. The information is provided as a courtesy for your convenience.
For further assistance, please contact the software vendor. The following scripts provide examples of how a '. To use these functions, you must change the proxy names, port numbers, and IP addresses. Example 1: Local hosts connect direct, all others connect via proxy. The following function checks to see whether the hostname is a local host, and if it is, whether the connection is direct. If the hostname is not a local host, the connection is through the proxy proxy.
The isPlainHostName function checks to see if there are any dots in the hostname. If so, it returns false; otherwise, the function returns true. Note : For a direct connection to local webserver, a domain or subnet match might also be needed.
Not all requests to local webservers are done using just hostnames. Example 2: Hosts inside the firewall connect direct, outside local servers connect via proxy. The following function checks to see whether the host is either a "plain" hostname meaning the domain name is not included or part of a particular domain.
Example 3: If host is resolvable, connect direct. Otherwise connect using a proxy. The following function asks the DNS server to try to resolve the hostname passed to it. If it can, then a direct connection is made.Returns a string describing the configuration. The format of this string is defined in return value format below.
If there are multiple semicolon-separated settings, the left-most setting will be used, until Firefox fails to establish the connection to the proxy. In that case, the next value will be used, etc. The browser will automatically retry a previously unresponsive proxy after 30 minutes. Additional attempts will continue beginning at one hour, always adding 30 minutes to the elapsed time between attempts.
If all proxies are down, and there was no DIRECT option specified, the browser will ask if proxies should be temporarily ignored, and direct connections attempted.
After 20 minutes, the browser will ask if proxies should be retried, asking again after an additional 40 minutes. Queries will continue, always adding 20 minutes to the elapsed time between queries. The auto-config file should be saved to a file with a. Note: pactester part of the pacparser package was used to test the following syntax examples.
Is true if the hostname matches exactly the specified hostname, or if there is no domain name part in the hostname, but the unqualified hostname matches. Resolves the given DNS hostname into an IP address, and returns it in the dot-separated format as a string. Returns the server IP address of the machine Firefox is running on, as a string in the dot-separated integer format. It does not return the public IP address. Note that the patterns are shell glob expressionsnot regular expressions.
This is mainly because the expression is translated to a RegExp via subsitution of [. For a reliable way to use these RegExp syntaxes, just use RegExp instead. Note: Before Firefox 49 wd1 must be less than wd2 if you want the function to evaluate these parameters as a range. See the warning below. If only one parameter is present, the function returns a value of true on the weekday that the parameter represents.
Otherwise, they are assumed to be in the local timezone. If both wd1 and wd1 are defined, the condition is true if the current weekday is in between those two ordered weekdays. Bounds are inclusive, but the bounds are ordered. Otherwise, the local timezone is used. Note: Before Firefox 49 day1 must be less than day2, month1 must be less than month2, and year1 must be less than year2 if you want the function to evaluate these parameters as a range.